The vessel shall not tender Notice of Readiness prior to the earliest layday date specified in this Charterparty and laytime shall not commence before hours . Four key events must occur before the commencement of laytime begins. 3. Commencement of laytime. Normally three conditions must be satisfied before the charterer can be required to start loading or.

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Readiness can be defined as the vessel being available for use by the charterers and covers the readiness of the holds, equipment and legal documents. Such a place would, in the context, be a berth for notice purposes, although perhaps not in the usual sense of the word.

Of course, the o printed clause can be added to and amended by deletions and insertion of other words arid also by the insertion of a “rider clause”. Whether laytimw has been such an acceptance will depend on the facts of each case.

The “expiry” is usually layime in the laytime clause, so that the laytime commences to count against the charterer at a specific instant or after a specified number of hours, after the “notice” has been given. Therefore, when layfime are trying to define the port with regard to which persons who enter into a charterparty are contracting, you endeavour to find words which will shut out those things which you know they do not intend.

Share this article on facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Linkedin Share this article by email Print this page. In such cases, a fresh notice must be given. In that case, Bingham J held that it was implicit in the sale contract that the buyer should nominate the discharge port in sufficient time to enable the vessel to sail to that port without interruption or delay, and that failure to do so was a breach of contract.

Events from this Firm. The words “unless the charterparty otherwise provides” have a meaning if the phrase “whether in berth or not” is inserted into the “laytime clause” of a berth charter: This definition is certainly inconsistent with that decision, although it is supposed to reflect the law as it currently stands.

A brief history of laytime – Skuld

They nominated Ravenna, which the ship was unable to enter. There have been many disputes as to whether a charterparty is actually a berth or port charterparty and comencement is still some confusion today. Beaufort wind scale Force 5. But I think there was a confusion in this argument also. Owners were ordered to pay despatch. Fixed laytime charters are traditionally divided into berth, dock and port charters depending on where the voyage stages end and these will be considered in more detail later.


This effect operates only in the situation where a berth is not available for the vessel on its arrival. For example the Asbatankvoy form provides for commencemenf by ” letter, telegraph, wireless or telephone “.

Various clauses in the charterparty may advance the time that the vessel may tender the notice even though she may not be at the specified destination.

Conversely, brokers using the Gencon 94 form of charter should consider whether to include amending it to restrict tender of notices of readiness to within the port in question. For laytime to start under a voyage charterparty, four requirements must be met: The charterers may choose to accept an otherwise invalid notice.

Commencement of Laytime

In such cases, the Master may consider the end of sea passage as denoting arrival but in fact the particular configuration or practice of the port may mean that this is incorrect. Of the three ports, Sevastopol was nearest to Santa Panagia, then Tuapse and the furthest was Batumi. The vessel must have arrived at the place within the port where NOR may be validly served as specified in the charterparty. If the Master is unaware of such a requirement and fails to carry out the terms of the charter then there could be a dramatic reduction in com,encement eventual demurrage claim.

Therefore, under a berth charter, the risk of congestion or other delays in berthing is generally allocated to the shipowner rather than the charterer. Disputes relating to issues of commencement of laytime are common. The vessel must be ready in a business commencemrnt mercantile sense. Until then, the vessel is still at the loading or carrying voyage stage, and no obligation lies upon the charterer to load or receive the cargo The Kyzikos [] A. The subject of Commencement of Laytime is extensive.

Notwithstanding that in the absence of a provision accelerating the commencement of laytime, notice of readiness cannot be tendered before arrival in berth, there is no obligation on a charterer to berth a vessel in strict turn of her arrival. Coming to and Investing in the UK.

Commencement of Laytime in Voyage Charterparties

This definition replaces definitions given in The Charterparty Laytime Definitions and The Voylayrules see previous editions of this book and although those were probably wider in scope than the definition of a port at common law, this definition is even wider. They did, however, hold that the owners were not to be denied their remedy because they had complied with the orders.


If the ship is waiting at some other place in the port then it will be for the owner to prove that she is as fully at the disposition of the charterer as she would have been if in the vicinity of the berth for loading or discharge. There was no requirement that the port nominated be a safe one.

If, however, the charterparty is a port charterparty then the notice of readiness must be tendered when the vessel is in berth within the specified port or, if a berth is not available, when the vessel is within the port limits and at the waiting area where vessels usually wait for a berth. The decision was widely criticised for giving charterers an unfair windfall profit simply because, when following charterers orders, Owners had not received charterers express agreement that laytime would start early.

Both need to be aware when laytime starts so that any demurrage claim can be accurately evaluated. Determining when laytime commences can be contentious and, as with many charterparty disputes, will depend upon a careful consideration of the charterparty clauses in the light of the facts.

Although it is sufficient that the relevant commsncement can be ready when actually required. The crew of non-UK officers and ratings are to join two days later. It is therefore important that both owners and charterers are able to effectively analyse the terms of the charterparty which deal with the conditions which need to be satisfied before the laytime clock starts running.

He referred to the words of Potter LJ in “The Happy Ranger” “The commercial context and the purpose of the contractual requirement to serve NOR which is to trigger the Charterers’ obligation to unload whereby laytime starts to run immediately in the absence of express provision…” The sole and dominant purpose of NOR is to tender the vessel for loading or discharge and thus to act as the trigger for the commencement of laytime.

The most that can be said is that the charterer does not exercise his option at all unless he chooses a berth that is free or is likely to be so in a reasonable time.